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“Insured unemployment rate” in California spiked to 27.7%, “continued claims” hit 4.8 million. In terms of “initial claims,” George & Florida move into 1st and 2nd, ahead of California.

By Wolf Richter for WOLF STREET.

State unemployment offices have processed 2.98 million “initial claims” for unemployment  insurance in the week ended May 9, according to the US Department of Labor this morning. This brings the total number of initial claims processed over the past 8 reporting weeks since mid-March to a gut-wrenching 36.84 million (seasonally adjusted). Today’s claims were over four times the magnitude of the prior spikes in the unemployment crises in 1982 and 2009.

While the weekly explosion of initial claims has slowed from prior weeks, the number of people still filing for unemployment insurance in the week ended May 9 was still at a catastrophic level:

“Insured Unemployed”

People who filed an “initial claim” for UI and who still don’t have a job a week later are added to “insured unemployment.” These “continued claims” lag the “initial claims.”

This number of “insured unemployed” rose by 456,000 to 22.83 million for the week ending April 25. The sad record of the pre-Covid-19 era was 6.63 million in May of 2009. This chart shows the spike in historic context:

However, the increase of 456,000 in “continued claims” over the reporting week compared to the prior week – as bad as it was – was just a small fraction of the prior week-to-week increases that had ranged from 1.3 million to 4.5 million. This chart shows how at least in this reporting week, the surge in continued claims has slowed:

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While nearly 3 million new people filed for unemployment insurance in the week, the total number of people considered “insured unemployed” has “only” grown by 456,000 – meaning that about 2.5 million of the 33 million that had filed previously were either back at their old jobs or have found new jobs – such as people that Amazon, Walmart and others hired to deal with the onslaught of online orders.

If this trend is confirmed over the next few weeks, it would indicate that the current unemployment crisis is getting worse at a much slower rate than before. And when it stops getting worse, it would indicate that some of sort previously unthinkably deep bottom has been found.

The 26 states with the most initial claims, week ended May 9.

In first place is now Georgia, whose claims continue to surge. Florida is in second place. Its claims also continue to surge. The unemployment offices in both states are trying to catch up with processing claims. California, which used to dominate this list with weekly claims around 1,000,000, fell into third place, with initial claims now down to 214,028. The California unemployment office has largely caught up with the backlog and is now processing claims by gig workers, the self-employed, and contract workers.

Top 26 States, Initial Claims in the week ended May 9
1 Georgia 241,387
2 Florida 221,905
3 California 214,028
4 New York 200,375
5 Texas 141,672
6 Washington 116,210
7 Pennsylvania 75,557
8 Illinois 72,993
9 Kentucky 69,069
10 New Jersey 68,685
11 North Carolina 56,193
12 Virginia 53,396
13 Ohio 50,548
14 Michigan 47,438
15 Maryland 44,491
16 Massachusetts 44,467
17 Minnesota 40,427
18 Louisiana 40,268
19 Wisconsin 38,582
20 Oklahoma 32,794
21 South Carolina 32,513
22 Arizona 31,795
23 Oregon 31,737
24 Indiana 30,691
25 Tennessee 29,308
26 Missouri 28,939
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The 18 states with the highest “Insured Unemployment Rates”

The national average of “insured unemployment rate” for the week ended May 2 ticked up to 15.7% from the prior week’s revised 15.4%, according to the Labor Department today. The record in the pre-Covid-19 era was 7.0% in May 1975.

The table below lists the 18 states where the rate was higher than the national average. But the state level data lags one week behind the national average and is for the week ended April 25.

California exploded onto this list with a mind-boggling leap in the insured unemployment rate, from 10.9% in the prior week to 27.7% in this reporting week. Clearly, some catching up with the data was being done here. In total, there are now 4.8 million insured unemployed in California:

Insured Unemployment Rate by state, week ended April 25
1 California 27.7%
2 Michigan 23.1%
3 Nevada 22.0%
4 Pennsylvania 21.2%
5 Rhode Island 20.6%
6 Georgia 20.2%
7 Vermont 20.0%
8 New York 18.6%
9 Connecticut 18.0%
10 Washington 18.0%
11 New Hampshire 17.8%
12 Puerto Rico 17.0%
13 West Virginia 16.5%
14 Louisiana 16.4%
15 Alaska 16.2%
16 Oregon 16.1%
17 New Jersey 16.0%
18 Massachusetts 16.0%

Reconciling weekly “insured unemployed” with the unemployed in the jobs report.

The number of “insured unemployed” in today’s report is based on UI claims. By contrast, the number of unemployed released in the monthly jobs report is based on household surveys and does not reflect UI. Not all of the people who are out of a job and are looking for work, as identified by the household survey, are receiving UI benefits. Generally, there is a large difference between the two.

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But under the stimulus package, the UI benefits have been expanded to workers who were not eligible before. And the number of “insured unemployed” of 22.8 million is relatively close to the number of unemployed in the jobs report for April, 22.3 million.

However, the jobs report for April, released on May 8, lagged by nearly one month, with the survey data referencing the week between April 12th through April 18th. Since then, there have been many more layoffs, some of which are now showing up in the “insured unemployed.” Both reports lag to some extent – and in both report the number of unemployed is already over 22 million.

 

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