Via Financial Times

As the coronavirus forces many of us to work from home, now is the time to consider the strange hybrid space of the home office.

We find ourselves jabbing away at our keyboards in strange places, a kind of interior limbo. I have been working from home for 25 years, and I know what I am doing.

Here is my advice for what you will really need over the coming unsettling weeks and months.

A dedicated space

You may not have room at home for a separate office but, if it can be done, make it a priority. If not, then under no circumstances try to make a “home office” out of a hopeless space that cannot be turned to any other use — a half-landing, a cubbyhole beneath the stairs, a bit of leftover corridor.

It will feel temporary and uncomfortable, a domestic exile. If you are short of space, try to reimagine a part of the living area as a temporary office — one end of the sofa or a dining table, for example. It is better to be in a decent room with natural light than an ad-hoc corner beside the vacuum cleaner.

A desk

This is everything, the homeworker’s battlefield and control centre. Do not be seduced by Ikea’s desks in cutesy room settings; they will never feel of high-enough quality. Buy something old. Victorian and Edwardian desks made from lovely warm wood can be picked up for peanuts at auction.

I bought a massive mid-century Danish desk in teak about 15 years ago. It cost more than I could afford, but it has bookshelves and drawers that open and shut perfectly. It is too big for every home office I have ever had. But it has plenty of space for mess.

Ray Eames, wife of Charles Eames, in Eames House, Los Angeles, California,1950; the married couple were ground-breaking US designers
Ray Eames, wife of Charles Eames, in Eames House, Los Angeles, California,1950; the married couple were ground-breaking US designers © Peter Stackpole/The LIFE Picture Collection via Getty Images


The aesthetics of untidiness divides opinion. Some are deeply displeased by stacks of paper and piles of books, but I like them. Papers, notebooks, desk lamps and books are a kind of colonisation, the demarcation of a surface. I am surrounded by my own creation. The stacks are an opportunity to create an architecture of text with my own hands, to model my own environment, build it and change it.

A chair

This is one of the trickiest items to get right. You will probably want a comfortable model, like the one you had in the office-office. It looked fine there but it will look ridiculous in your home and make everything else look wrong. I am an architect, so I have compromised by buying a cheap(ish) fake version of a beautiful chair by a famous designer that looks as if it should be comfortable.

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A window

Critical, this. Your window is a visual umbilical to the real world. The clouds, the sky, the sun, the birds, the trees, the buildings and people create an animated collage of subtle and constant change, even if your view is, like mine, rubbish.

Too much time staring out of the window begins to look like time-wasting. But, in fact, most office work is time-wasting anyway, and looking out of the window is a legitimate and enjoyable pastime, usually accompanied by some light form of thinking. Which is work.

A window: part II

Windows are two-way. We have become weirdly inured to this, perhaps by spending too much time in front of screens, which are mostly one-way. If, like me, your home office is in a converted garage or a garden shed, you will, from twilight onwards, be presented to the world in an illuminated frame.

Everything you do — including time spent not working — is visible, inside and outside. You become a kind of local artwork, a marker or presence, eyes on the street. You become an illustration of a person perennially pretending to do work.

The sepulchral chamber and the sarcophagus of Seti I lit by candlelight in the Sir John Soane's Museum, London
The sepulchral chamber and the sarcophagus of Seti I lit by candlelight in the Sir John Soane’s Museum, London © Gareth Gardner


Very important. If you are lucky, you will have natural light for part of the day but you will need artificial light at other times. Never leave all the work to ceiling lights. You may have a single bare bulb hanging from a ceiling rose. This is the worst option and will make you nauseous. Halogens are better, but only as background.

What you really need is a big, adjustable desk lamp. An Anglepoise is good. I have two, which take up a lot of space, but they allow me to change the mood from brooding darkness relieved by a single pool of light, to twin beams or blinding light with everything on — the visual equivalent of a double espresso. Which reminds me . . .

Coffee maker

No aesthetic parameters here, just make it good.

A reading chair

This is optional, but sometimes you will need to read. If you have space for a second, comfortable chair, occupy it. It will make you feel like your environment has changed without leaving your office.

I have a choice of Modernist steel-and-leather chairs by famous architects, which are not quite as comfortable as they look, but one has proved extremely useful for piling up old newspapers. The other has room underneath for storage.


Do not confuse your home office with a dumping ground, in which all the second-rate crap deemed not good enough for the rest of the house is exiled. If a picture is too ropy, dated, faded or uninteresting for the living room, it is no good for the home office, either.

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Neither is your workspace a cupboard. If you store old furniture in here, it will make you feel as if you are in a simulacrum of an office and impart a sense of redundancy. You are working. You are not in temporary storage.


Even more useful than walls. A closed door is a sign that you are at work. It is, unfortunately, illegible to children.

Sigmund Freud's study, at the Freud Museum in London, contains his original psychoanalytic couch and his collection of antiquities
Sigmund Freud’s study, at the Freud Museum in London, contains his original psychoanalytic couch and his collection of antiquities © Freud Museum London/K. Urbaniak

Family photographs

Don’t do it — you are at home. Mostly, your family will be a few metres away. Go take a look occasionally instead.


A laptop is ideal as it can be closed, enabling you to use your desk for something else. There is no IT department at home, so invest in a good computer and back it up (I have not backed mine up). Unless you live in South Korea, your broadband and WiFi will be rubbish and a consistent source of anguish.

A food-free zone

Unless your home office is literally on the edge of the dining-room table, your desk is not a dining table. Eat elsewhere. Eating at your desk is an oppression forced on office workers who need to look busy or who have squandered their lunch hour on something else.

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A good aural environment

Offices should be noisy and homes should be quiet. Often, the reverse is true. You will be amazed by how much goes on around you, in even the quietest street. Vans will arrive all day, delivering tiny parcels and vast food shops to your neighbours. Some of them will be out at work, so they will end up at your door.

As you are looking out of your window you will be anticipating this, which means there will be a long gap while you watch the driver fiddle with his tablet before, inevitably, ending up at your door — an interval in which you will be unable to work. And your hallway will look like an Amazon distribution warehouse.

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You will develop a quiet dread of For Sale signs — this means endless noise. No one moving into any house, no matter how huge or recently modernised, can ever complete their move without adding an extra storey or a kitchen extension the size of an aircraft carrier.

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This will mean intermittent noise, which will leave you on the edge of your attractive-looking office chair waiting for the next round of pneumatic hammers or drilling through concrete walls. Your teeth will vibrate.

Magpies are a nuisance, too, along with car alarms, smoke detectors, planes, vintage motorbikes, police sirens and much, much else.


The working-at-home fashion question leaves me cold. Some insist that being able to lounge around in pyjamas, ragged dressing gowns or sweat pants is a joy, while others dress up as if going out to work in case they need to make a video call or just to make them feel like fully functional human beings, part of productive society.

The irony is that some people who work from home end up looking homeless. You will find your niche, but not having to wear uncomfortable shoes all day is an advantage.

Homeworking desirables, from left: Alessi Moka espresso coffee maker; Anglepoise Original 1227 desk lamp; Vitra chair EA117
Homeworking desirables, from left: Alessi Moka espresso coffee maker; Anglepoise Original 1227 desk lamp; Vitra chair EA117


I have lined my walls with books so no wall is showing except for a small section of bare painted brick above the door. If you work with words, then what is better than to surround yourself with them? There are the reference books, which I use less and less, but also novels, folios and magazines.

Change them around occasionally. When you get stuck, open something at any page. It almost certainly will not help but at least you will be justifying keeping all those books.

The rest of the home

Remember that we all work at home: we think in the bath, we write emails while watching films, look at news during breakfast and mull over ideas and perceived slights in bed.

We are all homeworkers now, but having a dedicated space gives you a place to do it so that when you are there you know you are working, and when you are not you are relieved of all other responsibilities. Ghettoise your work. Make it not an exile but a relief.

Edwin Heathcote is the FT’s architecture critic

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