The EU has warned that the British government’s Brexit proposals fail to meet all of its basic tests for avoiding a hard border in Ireland and protecting the island’s economy, heightening the risk of the UK crashing out of the bloc without a deal on October 31.

Speaking after negotiations on Friday, EU officials criticised British proposals to shelve some discussions over the Irish border until after the UK’s departure. They also warned that UK plans now entailed “a regulatory and customs border on the island of Ireland”, complicating efforts to keep trade flowing after Brexit.

Despite a difficult week for Boris Johnson, the UK prime minister has been talking up the chances of securing a deal with Brussels after submitting informal discussion papers — known as “non-papers” — outlining plans to replace the contentious Irish backstop — the insurance policy to avoid a hard border in Ireland after Brexit.

However on Friday the European Commission said the three “non-papers” did not provide the “legally operational solutions” that Brussels was seeking.

“We are far from anything that could work,” said one diplomat present at a debriefing session with the commission. The debrief came after more than one hour of talks on Friday between EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier and UK Brexit secretary Stephen Barclay.

The commission told diplomats that current UK proposals “fall short of satisfying all the objectives” the backstop was designed to achieve, according to a diplomatic note seen by the FT.

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The commission told EU27 diplomats that the British proposals amounted to the UK getting huge carve-outs from EU single market rules by allowing for customs checks away from the border and on the site of companies. The UK also wants new simplified electronic trusted trader schemes to operate across the Northern Irish border.

“These ideas are not compatible with the EU custom codes” said the commission.

UK government officials pushed back on the suggestion they had not put forward serious proposals.

“The ideas that we’ve put forward to avoid a hard border are serious and workable,” one official said, adding that “leaks from Brussels on Twitter are par for the course. You can set your watch by them.”

The impasse sets a gloomy stage for talks between Mr Johnson, European Council president Donald Tusk and German chancellor Angela Merkel at the UN General Assembly next week. 

EU diplomats said the UK’s proposals left them more pessimistic about the chances of striking a deal than at the beginning of the week. “Things are going backwards,” said one senior EU diplomat. Another official described the state of talks as “horrible”. 

While Jean-Claude Juncker, commission president, insisted this week that a Brexit deal was possible, there are scant signs of any breakthrough emerging before the Conservative party conference at the end of this month.

Mr Johnson began the week by failing to offer any fresh proposals for ending the impasse over the Irish backstop in a lunch in Luxembourg with Mr Juncker on Monday.

Mr Barclay went on to alarm other EU capitals on Thursday by questioning whether the UK needed to produce a formal legal text before October 31, in a speech in Madrid that was shot through with dark predictions over the damage a no-deal Brexit would do to Spain. 

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The UK “non-papers” cover the creation of an all-Ireland zone for agriculture and food, as well as arrangements for customs checks and regulatory checks for manufactured goods. An EU official said the UK “non-papers” were one-page in length .

The commission said the plans would not avoid a hard border in Ireland, protect the all-island economy, or preserve the integrity of the single market. 

One EU official said the UK plans would effectively force the EU to change its own rules and legislation. “If ever we would be crazy enough to accept that” the proposals still “fall short” of the backstop, the official said. 

Simon Coveney, Ireland’s deputy prime minister, stressed on Friday that Dublin wanted the Irish border question put to rest now and not left open for months or years in the hope that a resolution could be found later. 

“We have a commitment from the British government over and over and over again — in writing and verbally — that they would work with us to put the issue and the anxiety around the Irish border question to rest now,” Mr Coveney told the BBC. 

Mr Barclay insisted after the talks on Friday that both sides want a deal “and we are working hard on that. The technical teams will meet again early next week to continue working on that detail.” 

In another source of tension between the two sides, the UK is insisting any position papers are not shared beyond the small team of negotiators and kept away from the eyes of member states. “The UK labelled the documents as HMG property and requested us not to do any onward disclosure,” the commission said in an email to diplomats on Thursday. 

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The move infuriated many of the UK’s partners who said it transmitted a lack of trust and made it more difficult to assess Britain’s plans. 

Mandatory Credit: Photo by KENZO TRIBOUILLARD/POOL/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock (10419229c) European Union's chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier (2-R) with Britain's Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union Stephen Barclay (2-L) during a meeting in Brussels, Belgium, 20 September 2019. Britain's Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union Stephen Barclay visit Brussels, Belgium - 20 Sep 2019
Far apart: The UK and EU Brexit negotiating teams in Brussels on Friday © KENZO TRIBOUILLARD/POOL/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock

Via Financial Times