Via Financial Times

The year was dominated by street protests across the world from Hong Kong to Chile. Climate change also took centre stage with the emergence of Swedish activist Greta Thunberg and the Extinction Rebellion movement. The US House of Representatives voted to impeach Donald Trump and Brexit continued to divide the British public with a decisive win for Boris Johnson in the UK general election as the year closed.

Mandatory Credit: Photo by DAI KUROKAWA/EPA-EFE/REX/Shutterstock (10061640bz)Women are evacuated out of the scene as security officers search for attackers during an ongoing gunfire and explosions in Nairobi, Kenya, 15 January 2019. According to reports, a large explosion and sustained gunfire sent workers fleeing for their lives at an upscale hotel and office complex in the Kenyan capital of Nairobi.Explosion and gunfire in Nairobi, Kenya - 15 Jan 2019

January 15 A group of women make their escape during a terrorist attack on a hotel and office complex in Nairobi, Kenya. Al-Shabaab, the Somali Islamist group claimed responsibility for the attack, which left more than 20 people dead.

Read more: Somali militants claim responsibility for Nairobi hotel attack

(back row left to right) Chris Leslie, Gavin Shuker, Chuka Umunna and Mike Gapes, (middle row, left to right) Angela Smith, Luciana Berger and Ann Coffey, (front row, left to right) Sarah Wollaston, Heidi Allen, Anna Soubry and Joan Ryan, following a press conference for the Independent Group where the three Conservative MPs, Wollaston, Allen and Soubry, announced their resignation from the party. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Wednesday February 20, 2019. See PA story POLITICS Labour. Photo credit should read: Jonathan Brady/PA Wire
© Jonathan Brady/PA

February 20 The newly formed Independent Group (which later became Change UK) pose for a photo-call in London. The former Labour and Conservative MPs are: (back row, left to right) Chris Leslie, Gavin Shuker, Chuka Umunna and Mike Gapes, (middle row, left to right) Angela Smith, Luciana Berger and Ann Coffey, (front row, left to right) Sarah Wollaston, Heidi Allen, Anna Soubry and Joan Ryan.

Read more: New political group generates some early momentum

A member of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) searches a woman after she left the IS group's last holdout of Baghouz, in Syria's northern Deir Ezzor province on February 27, 2019. (Photo by Bulent KILIC / AFP) (Photo by BULENT KILIC/AFP via Getty Images)
© Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty

February 27 A member of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces searches a woman after she left the Isis group’s last holdout of Baghouz in Syria’s northern Deir Ezzor province.

Read more: Civilians flee Isis’s final holdout in Syria

Ethiopian security forces and workers walk past a floral tribute to the victims at the scene where the Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 Max 8 crashed shortly after takeoff on Sunday killing all 157 on board, near Bishoftu, south-east of Addis Ababa, in Ethiopia Thursday, March 14, 2019. The French air accident investigation authority said Thursday that it will handle the analysis of the black boxes retrieved from the crash site and they have already arrived in France but gave no time frame on how long the analysis could take. (AP Photo/Mulugeta Ayene)
© Mulugeta Ayene/AP

March 14 Ethiopian security forces and workers walk past a floral tribute to victims at the scene near Addis Ababa where an Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 Max 8 crashed shortly after take-off on March 10 killing all 157 on board. Following this disaster and the Lion Air crash in Indonesia in October 2018, many airlines grounded their Boeing 737 Max fleets.

Read more: Second crash involving Boeing 737 Max 8: the key questions

WELLINGTON, NEW ZEALAND - MARCH 17: Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern hugs a mosque-goer at the Kilbirnie Mosque on March 17, 2019 in Wellington, New Zealand. 50 people are confirmed dead and 36 are injured still in hospital following shooting attacks on two mosques in Christchurch on Friday, 15 March. The attack is the worst mass shooting in New Zealand's history. (Photo by Hagen Hopkins/Getty Images)
© Hagen Hopkins/Getty

March 17 New Zealand’s prime minister Jacinda Ardern hugs a worshipper at Kilbirnie Mosque in Wellington. A total of 51 people were killed following attacks on two mosques in Christchurch on March 15.

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Read more: Police believe New Zealand shooter may have acted alone

In this image made available on Tuesday April 16, 2019 flames and smoke rise from the blaze at Notre Dame cathedral in Paris, Monday, April 15, 2019. An inferno that raged through Notre Dame Cathedral for more than 12 hours destroyed its spire and its roof but spared its twin medieval bell towers, and a frantic rescue effort saved the monument's "most precious treasures," including the Crown of Thorns purportedly worn by Jesus, officials said Tuesday. (AP Photo/Thierry Mallet)
© Thierry Mallet/AP

April 15 Flames and smoke rise from Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris, France. The fire raged through one of the world’s best known monuments for more than 12 hours, destroying its spire and roof. Firefighters managed to save the famous twin bell towers.

Read more: Notre-Dame cathedral in Paris ravaged by fire

This still image taken from Sri Lankan closed-circuit TV on April 21, 2019, a suspected bomber (L framed by door)) with backpack before he enters St. Sebastian's Church in Negombo, Sri Lanka. - The Islamic State group on April 23, 2019, claimed responsibility for the devastating series of suicide attacks against churches and hotels in Sri Lanka that killed more than 320 people. (Photo by HO / CCTV Sri Lanka / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / CCTV Sri Lanka" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTSHO/AFP/Getty Images
© AFP/Getty

April 21 In this still image taken from a closed-circuit television camera, a suspected bomber (framed by the first door on the left) is seen carrying a backpack before entering St Sebastian’s Church in Negombo, Sri Lanka. The devastating series of Isis-inspired suicide attacks against churches and hotels in Sri Lanka killed more than 250 people.

Read more: Sri Lanka bombers linked to Isis as row over security failings grows

Indian Prime Minister and leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Narendra Modi gestures during a roadshow in Varanasi on April 25, 2019. - Tens of thousands of followers of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi packed the streets of his political bastion on April 25 as he stepped up campaigning in the country's marathon election. (Photo by SANJAY KANOJIA / AFP)        (Photo credit should read SANJAY KANOJIA/AFP/Getty Images) *** BESTPIX ***

April 25 Narendra Modi, India’s prime minister and leader of the Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), gestures during an election rally in Varanasi. The BJP went on to increase its majority. As the year came to a close, huge protests took place across the country in response to Mr Modi’s controversial citizenship law.

Read more: India 2019 election results: Modi’s landslide in charts

Former Nissan Motor Chariman Carlos Ghosn leaves the Tokyo Detention House in Tokyo, Japan April 25, 2019. REUTERS/Issei Kato
© Issei Kato/Reuters

April 25 Former Nissan chairman Carlos Ghosn leaves police detention in Tokyo, Japan, after three weeks behind bars on charges of financial misconduct. Mr Ghosn was released with strict bail conditions, which included restrictions on contacting his wife. He has denied all the charges against him.

Read more: The downfall of Carlos Ghosn

British Prime Minister Theresa May reacts as she delivers a statement in London, Britain, May 24, 2019. REUTERS/Simon Dawson
© Simon Dawson/Reuters

May 24 Theresa May announces she will resign as the UK’s prime minister and delivers an emotional statement in Downing Street, London, after giving up on her battle to deliver Brexit.

Read more: Theresa May resigns after Brexit failure

(FILES) In this file photo taken on June 9, 2019 MSC Magnifica is seen from one of the canals leading into the Venice Lagoon in Venice. - Venice has appealed to top European cruise ship destinations, from Amsterdam to Barcelona, Dubrovnik and Marseille, to unite in tackling the dangers and environmental impact of hulking liners, port authorities said on August 1, 2019. The rallying cry for new rules to force companies to adapt their ships to the historical port cities that host them follows a collision between a cruiser and tourist boat in Venice that forced tourists to run for their lives. (Photo by Miguel MEDINA / AFP)MIGUEL MEDINA/AFP/Getty Images
© Miguel Medina/AFP/Getty

June 9 Cruise ship MSC Magnifica is seen from one of the canals leading into the Venetian lagoon in Italy. In August the city proposed a plan to divert huge cruise ships from Venice’s historic centre.

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Read more: Venice to give cruise ships a wide berth

View of the bodies of Salvadoran migrant Oscar Martinez Ramirez and his daughter, who drowned while trying to cross the Rio Grande -on their way to the US- in Matamoros, state of Coahuila on June 24, 2019. (Photo by STR / AFP)STR/AFP/Getty Images
© Julia Le DucAFP/Getty

June 24 The bodies of Salvadoran migrant Oscar Alberto Martinez Ramirez and his 23-month-old daughter lie in the Rio Grande. They drowned while trying to cross the river from Mexico into the US. Publication of the photos stirred fresh debate about migrants trying to cross the border.

Read more: Image of drowned migrants roils US border debate

U.S. President Donald Trump meets with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un at the demilitarized zone separating the two Koreas, in Panmunjom, South Korea, June 30, 2019. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque/
© Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

June 30 US president Donald Trump meets North Korean leader Kim Jong Un after stepping over the border in the demilitarised zone that divides the Korean Peninsula. The meeting marked the first time a sitting US president had visited North Korea.

Read more: Donald Trump enters N Korea and meets Kim Jong Un

Jul 7, 2019; Lyon, FRANCE; United States forward Megan Rapinoe (15) hoists the World Cup trophy and celebrates with teammates after defeating the Netherlands in the championship match of the FIFA Women's World Cup France 2019 at Stade de Lyon. Mandatory Credit: Michael Chow-USA TODAY Sports - 13013679
© Michael Chow/USA Today/Reuters

July 7 US forward Megan Rapinoe lifts the World Cup trophy and celebrates with her teammates after the US defeated the Netherlands in the final of the Fifa Women’s World Cup in Lyon, France

Read more: Football, not gender politics, is the winner in the Women’s World Cup

Funeral of Masika Kahongya - Members of the safe burial team carry the coffin of an ebola victim to the grave site on July 15, 2019 in Beni.
© John Wessels/FT

July 15 Gravediggers wearing medical smocks and surgical gloves carry the coffin of Ebola victim Masika Kahongya, 19, to her grave in Beni, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Read more: Why Ebola cannot be tamed in Congo

A pro-democracy protester is held by police outside Tsim Sha Tsui Police station during a demonstration against the controversial extradition bill in Hong Kong on August 11, 2019. - Empty hotel rooms, struggling shops and even disruption at Disneyland: months of protests in Hong Kong have taken a major toll on the city's economy, with no end in sight. (Photo by Manan VATSYAYANA / AFP) (Photo by MANAN VATSYAYANA/AFP via Getty Images)
© Manan Vatsyayana/AFP//Getty

August 11 A pro-democracy protester is held by police outside a police station in Kowloon during a demonstration against the controversial extradition bill in Hong Kong.

Read more: Hong Kong’s ‘water revolution’ spins out of control

Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg poses for a photograph during an inteview with AFP onboard the Malizia II sailing yacht at the Mayflower Marina in Plymouth, southwest England, on August 13, 2019 ahead of her journey across the Atlantic to New York where she will attend the UN Climate Action Summit next month. - A year after her school strike made her a figurehead for climate activists, Greta Thunberg believes her uncompromising message about global warming is getting through -- even if action remains thin on the ground. The 16-year-old Swede, who sets sail for New York this week to take her message to the United States, has been a target for abuse but sees that as proof she is having an effect. (Photo by Ben STANSALL / AFP)BEN STANSALL/AFP/Getty Images
© Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty

August 13 Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg on board the Malizia II sailing yacht in Plymouth, UK, ahead of her journey across the Atlantic to New York for the UN Climate Action Summit.

Read more: Greta Thunberg’s influence grows as young activist heads for US

An aerial view of damage from Hurricane Dorian on September 5, 2019, in Marsh Harbour, Great Abaco Island in the Bahamas. - Hurricane Dorian lashed the Carolinas with driving rain and fierce winds as it neared the US east coast Thursday after devastating the Bahamas and killing at least 20 people. (Photo by Brendan Smialowski / AFP) (Photo credit should read BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images)
© Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty

September 5 An aerial view of the damage caused by Hurricane Dorian in Marsh Harbour on Great Abaco island in the Bahamas.

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Read more: Hurricane Dorian set to cost insurers $3bn in payouts in Bahamas

Protesters in costume gather at Marble Arch in London at an opening ceremony to mark the beginning of the International Rebellion on October 6, 2019, an event organised by Extinction Rebellion. - Extinction Rebellion climate protesters are planning to bring disruption to 60 cities around the world from Monday in a fortnight of civil disobedience, warning of an environmental
© Tolga Akmen/AFP/Getty

October 6 Protesters in costume gather at Marble Arch in London at the opening ceremony of the two-week International Rebellion action organised by Extinction Rebellion, the global environmental movement.

Read more: Extinction Rebellion — inside the new climate resistance

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 19: Protestors march towards Parliament Square demanding a final say on the Government's Brexit deal during the People's Vote Rally on October 19, 2019 in London, England. Thousands have taken to the streets of London demanding a referendum to give the British public the final say on the Brexit. The march coincides with a rare Saturday sitting of Parliament, during which MPs will debate and vote on the Prime Ministers new Brexit deal. (Photo by Kiran Ridley/Getty Images)
© Kiran Ridley/Getty

October 19 Protesters march towards Parliament Square in London demanding a final say on the UK government’s Brexit deal. Thousands of people took to the streets of London demanding a referendum. The march coincided with a rare Saturday sitting of parliament, during which MPs debated and voted on Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s new withdrawal agreement.

Read more: Remainers demanding second referendum march through London

Hindu women worship the Sun god in the polluted waters of the river Yamuna during the Hindu religious festival of Chatth Puja in New Delhi, India, November 3, 2019. REUTERS/Adnan Abidi     TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY

November 3 Hindu women worship sun god Lord Surya in the polluted waters of the river Yamuna during the Hindu religious festival of Chhath Puja in New Delhi, India.

Read more: The toxic smog choking New Delhi

For use in UK, Ireland or Benelux countries only Undated BBC handout photo showing the Duke of York , speaking for the first time about his links to Jeffrey Epstein in an interview with BBC Newsnight's Emily Maitlis, which will be broadcast by the BBC on Saturday. PA Photo. Issue date: Friday November 15, 2019. See PA story ROYAL Andrew. Photo credit should read: Mark Harrington/BBC/PA Wire NOTE TO EDITORS: Not for use more than 21 days after issue. You may use this picture without charge only for the purpose of publicising or reporting on current BBC programming, personnel or other BBC output or activity within 21 days of issue. Any use after that time MUST be cleared through BBC Picture Publicity. Please credit the image to the BBC and any named photographer or independent programme maker, as described in the caption.
© Mark Harrington/BBC

November 16 Prince Andrew, the Duke of York, speaks for the first time about his friendship with Jeffrey Epstein in an interview with Emily Maitlis on BBC’s Newsnight.

Read more: Prince Andrew denies having sex with a teenager

Demonstrators clash with riot police water cannon during a protest against the government in Santiago on November 28, 2019. - Furious Chileans have since October 18 been protesting social and economic inequality, and against an entrenched political elite that comes from a small number of the wealthiest families in the country, among other issues. (Photo by Johan ORDONEZ / AFP) (Photo by JOHAN ORDONEZ/AFP via Getty Images)
© Johan Ordonez/AFP/Getty

November 28 Demonstrators clash with riot police during a protest against the Chilean government in Santiago.

Read more: Chile to hold referendum on adopting new constitution

Image ©Licensed to i-Images Picture Agency. 13/12/2019. London, United Kingdom. Boris Johnson Election Night. Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson and his partner Carrie Symonds watch the 2019 Election results on the TV in his study in No10 Downing Street. Picture by Andrew Parsons / i-Images
© Andrew Parsons / i-Images

December 12 Boris Johnson and his partner Carrie Symonds react after the exit poll for the UK election results is revealed as they watch television at 10 Downing Street. The poll correctly predicted a huge majority for his Conservative party.

Read more: Boris Johnson calls for ‘healing’ after crushing UK election victory

US Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi presides over Resolution 755, Articles of Impeachment Against President Donald J. Trump as the House votes at the US Capitol in Washington, DC, on December 18, 2019. - The US House of Representatives voted 229-198 on Wednesday to impeach President Donald Trump for obstruction of Congress. The House impeached Trump for abuse of power by a 230-197 vote. The 45th US president is just the third occupant of the White House in US history to be impeached. (Photo by SAUL LOEB / AFP) (Photo by SAUL LOEB/AFP via Getty Images)
© Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty

December 18 US Speaker Nancy Pelosi presides over the articles of impeachment against Donald Trump as the House of Representatives votes to impeach the president for abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.

Read more: Capitol Hill and a nation polarised on day of Trump impeachment