The year was dominated by street protests across the world from Hong Kong to Chile. Climate change also took centre stage with the emergence of Swedish activist Greta Thunberg and the Extinction Rebellion movement. The US House of Representatives voted to impeach Donald Trump and Brexit continued to divide the British public with a decisive win for Boris Johnson in the UK general election as the year closed.
January 15 A group of women make their escape during a terrorist attack on a hotel and office complex in Nairobi, Kenya. Al-Shabaab, the Somali Islamist group claimed responsibility for the attack, which left more than 20 people dead.
February 20 The newly formed Independent Group (which later became Change UK) pose for a photo-call in London. The former Labour and Conservative MPs are: (back row, left to right) Chris Leslie, Gavin Shuker, Chuka Umunna and Mike Gapes, (middle row, left to right) Angela Smith, Luciana Berger and Ann Coffey, (front row, left to right) Sarah Wollaston, Heidi Allen, Anna Soubry and Joan Ryan.
February 27 A member of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces searches a woman after she left the Isis group’s last holdout of Baghouz in Syria’s northern Deir Ezzor province.
Read more: Civilians flee Isis’s final holdout in Syria
March 14 Ethiopian security forces and workers walk past a floral tribute to victims at the scene near Addis Ababa where an Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 Max 8 crashed shortly after take-off on March 10 killing all 157 on board. Following this disaster and the Lion Air crash in Indonesia in October 2018, many airlines grounded their Boeing 737 Max fleets.
March 17 New Zealand’s prime minister Jacinda Ardern hugs a worshipper at Kilbirnie Mosque in Wellington. A total of 51 people were killed following attacks on two mosques in Christchurch on March 15.
April 15 Flames and smoke rise from Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris, France. The fire raged through one of the world’s best known monuments for more than 12 hours, destroying its spire and roof. Firefighters managed to save the famous twin bell towers.
April 21 In this still image taken from a closed-circuit television camera, a suspected bomber (framed by the first door on the left) is seen carrying a backpack before entering St Sebastian’s Church in Negombo, Sri Lanka. The devastating series of Isis-inspired suicide attacks against churches and hotels in Sri Lanka killed more than 250 people.
April 25 Narendra Modi, India’s prime minister and leader of the Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), gestures during an election rally in Varanasi. The BJP went on to increase its majority. As the year came to a close, huge protests took place across the country in response to Mr Modi’s controversial citizenship law.
April 25 Former Nissan chairman Carlos Ghosn leaves police detention in Tokyo, Japan, after three weeks behind bars on charges of financial misconduct. Mr Ghosn was released with strict bail conditions, which included restrictions on contacting his wife. He has denied all the charges against him.
Read more: The downfall of Carlos Ghosn
May 24 Theresa May announces she will resign as the UK’s prime minister and delivers an emotional statement in Downing Street, London, after giving up on her battle to deliver Brexit.
Read more: Theresa May resigns after Brexit failure
June 9 Cruise ship MSC Magnifica is seen from one of the canals leading into the Venetian lagoon in Italy. In August the city proposed a plan to divert huge cruise ships from Venice’s historic centre.
Read more: Venice to give cruise ships a wide berth
June 24 The bodies of Salvadoran migrant Oscar Alberto Martinez Ramirez and his 23-month-old daughter lie in the Rio Grande. They drowned while trying to cross the river from Mexico into the US. Publication of the photos stirred fresh debate about migrants trying to cross the border.
June 30 US president Donald Trump meets North Korean leader Kim Jong Un after stepping over the border in the demilitarised zone that divides the Korean Peninsula. The meeting marked the first time a sitting US president had visited North Korea.
July 7 US forward Megan Rapinoe lifts the World Cup trophy and celebrates with her teammates after the US defeated the Netherlands in the final of the Fifa Women’s World Cup in Lyon, France
July 15 Gravediggers wearing medical smocks and surgical gloves carry the coffin of Ebola victim Masika Kahongya, 19, to her grave in Beni, Democratic Republic of Congo.
Read more: Why Ebola cannot be tamed in Congo
August 11 A pro-democracy protester is held by police outside a police station in Kowloon during a demonstration against the controversial extradition bill in Hong Kong.
August 13 Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg on board the Malizia II sailing yacht in Plymouth, UK, ahead of her journey across the Atlantic to New York for the UN Climate Action Summit.
September 5 An aerial view of the damage caused by Hurricane Dorian in Marsh Harbour on Great Abaco island in the Bahamas.
October 6 Protesters in costume gather at Marble Arch in London at the opening ceremony of the two-week International Rebellion action organised by Extinction Rebellion, the global environmental movement.
October 19 Protesters march towards Parliament Square in London demanding a final say on the UK government’s Brexit deal. Thousands of people took to the streets of London demanding a referendum. The march coincided with a rare Saturday sitting of parliament, during which MPs debated and voted on Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s new withdrawal agreement.
November 3 Hindu women worship sun god Lord Surya in the polluted waters of the river Yamuna during the Hindu religious festival of Chhath Puja in New Delhi, India.
Read more: The toxic smog choking New Delhi
November 16 Prince Andrew, the Duke of York, speaks for the first time about his friendship with Jeffrey Epstein in an interview with Emily Maitlis on BBC’s Newsnight.
November 28 Demonstrators clash with riot police during a protest against the Chilean government in Santiago.
December 12 Boris Johnson and his partner Carrie Symonds react after the exit poll for the UK election results is revealed as they watch television at 10 Downing Street. The poll correctly predicted a huge majority for his Conservative party.
December 18 US Speaker Nancy Pelosi presides over the articles of impeachment against Donald Trump as the House of Representatives votes to impeach the president for abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.