Via IMF (Den Internationale Valutafond)

IMF Executive Board Concludes Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions with Greece







November 30, 2020
















Washington, DC:

On November 20, 2020, the Executive Board of the International Monetary
Fund (IMF) concluded the Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions with
Greece.

The pandemic interrupted a modest recovery. The government’s ear ly implementation of travel restrictions, a ban on
public events, and other social distancing measures helped contain the
initial outbreak. GDP contracted by 7.9 percent in 2020H1, moderately
better than the Euro Area weighted average (-9 percent) and a further hit
is expected in Q3, the peak of Greece’s tourism season. Overall, the
economy is expected to contract sharply in 2020, before gradually
recovering over the medium term, supported by a recovery in private
consumption, investment linked to privatization and the first tranches of
Next Generation EU (NGEU) grants, and higher goods exports.

Greece’s public debt remains sustainable over the medium-term with the
pandemic-induced rise in debt vulnerabilities largely mitigated by a
sizable cash buffer and NGEU funds, resulting in an adequate repayment
capacity. Nonetheless, COVID-19 brings unprecedented uncertainty and
downside risks to all sectors of the economy, amplified by Greece’s crisis
legacies. The main risks arise from a prolonged pandemic that would derail
the anticipated rebound in tourism, and a significant deterioration of bank
balance sheets. Staff will reexamine its long-run debt sustainability
assessment during the next Article IV Consultation, which is envisaged to
take place in the first half of 2021.

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Executive Board Assessment

[1]

Executive Directors agreed with the thrust of the staff appraisal. They
welcomed the authorities’ policy response to the pandemic, which has been
swift, sizable, and appropriately targeted at hard-hit households and
businesses. Noting that substantial uncertainties and downside risks
remain, they urged the authorities not to withdraw policy support
prematurely.

Directors recommended maintaining targeted fiscal accommodation and making
good use of fiscal space in the near term, while safeguarding medium-term
sustainability. They encouraged frontloading fiscal support next year ahead
of Next Generation EU (NGEU) grant disbursements, and ensuring effective
use of these resources. Directors also underscored the importance of
prioritizing health care spending, better targeting social support, and
enhancing public investment execution. They welcomed the authorities’
intention to rely progressively on viability assessments as the basis for
targeting fiscal support to firms, debtors, and workers.

Directors noted that Greece’s medium-term public debt repayment capacity
remains adequate, but that it could be impacted if severe downside risks
materialize. They highlighted that fiscal prudence, growth-friendly
reforms, and continued regional support would be essential for long-term
debt sustainability.

Directors agreed that the measures taken to cushion the pandemic’s impact
on banks should be gradually replaced by more tailored solutions to debtors
in distress. They recommended a comprehensive approach to addressing
long-standing weaknesses in banks, and a cost-benefit analysis of the asset
management company under consideration to tackle non-performing loans .
Directors stressed that effective implementation of the new insolvency code
will be critical to facilitate debt restructuring while minimizing moral
hazard.

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Directors commended the authorities for advancing structural reforms
despite the pandemic. They welcomed in particular progress in the areas of
labor market flexibility and modernization, the business climate,
digitalization, and green growth. Directors encouraged further efforts to
facilitate re-skilling of the labor force, boost female labor force
participation, and continue product market liberalization.




Greece: Selected Economic Indicators

Population (millions of people)

10.7

Per capita GDP (€’000)

17.5

IMF quota (millions of SDRs)

2,428.9

Literacy rate (percent)

97.1

(Percent of total)

0.51

Poverty rate (percent)

31.8

Main products and exports: tourism services; shipping
services; food/beverages; industrial products;
petroleum and chemicals.

Key export markets: EU (Italy, Germany, Cyprus,
Bulgaria, Spain), Turkey, Lebanon, USA, UK.

GHG emissions per capita (tonnes of CO2 equivalent):
8.2 (10.9)

2018

2019

2020

2021

(prel.)

(proj.)

Output

Real GDP growth (percent)

1.9

1.9

-9.5

5.7

Employment

Unemployment rate (percent)

19.3

17.3

18.9

17.5

Prices

CPI inflation (period avg., percent)

0.8

0.5

-1.1

0.6


General government finances (percent of GDP) 1/

Revenue

47.8

46.8

47.7

49.7

Expenditure

46.9

46.2

57.5

54.0

Overall balance

0.9

0.6

-9.8

-4.3

Primary balance

4.2

3.5

-6.8

-1.3

Public debt

184.8

180.9

208.1

199.1

Money and credit

Broad money (percent change)

4.3

4.2

Credit to private sector (percent change)

-7.5

-9.5

3-month T-bill rate (percent)

1.1

0.6

Balance of payments

Current account (percent of GDP)

-3.5

-2.1

-7.5

-4.1

FDI (percent of GDP)

-1.6

-2.0

-1.6

-2.1

External debt (percent of GDP)

227.8

240.9

255.4

242.0

Memorandum item:

Nominal GDP (billions of euros) 2/

184.7

187.5

168.2

179.3

Sources: ELSTAT; Ministry of Finance; Bank of Greece;
World Bank, World Development Indicators; IMF,
International Finance Statistics; IMF, Direction of
Trade Statistics; and IMF staff projections.

1/ Based on the primary balance definition outlined in
the EU enhanced surveillance framework with Greece.

2/ On October 16 ELSTAT updated the national accounts
including a change of base year to constant prices
series and a downward revision to growth in 2018 to 1.6
percent (2019 remains unchanged). Staff will
incorporate these modifications once quarterly
revisions to the historical growth path are released.

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[1]

At the conclusion of the discussion, the Managing Director, as
Chairman of the Board, summarizes the views of Executive Directors,
and this summary is transmitted to the country’s authorities. An
explanation of any qualifiers used in summings up can be found
here:

http://www.IMF.org/external/np/sec/misc/qualifiers.htm

.


IMF Communications Department
MEDIA RELATIONS

PRESS OFFICER: Meera Louis

Phone: +1 202 623-7100Email: MEDIA@IMF.org

@IMFSpokesperson








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