Voters in the eastern German state of Thuringia boosted the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) in the regional elections on Sunday, according to ARD projections, but it is the Left party that will remain the dominant political force in the state.
The Left party is forecast to win 31% of votes in the state that was once part of the communist former East Germany. The far-right AfD party is predicted to take nearly 23.4% of the vote, making it the second-largest party in the assembly — and pushing German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s CDU party into third place with 21.8%.
The turnout for the Thuringia polls was unusually high. Around 65% of the state’s 1.7 million voters cast their ballots, compared to less than 53% five years ago. Postal votes were not included in the statistics.
Although the exit polls indicate a historic result for the Left party, the future state government remains uncertain.
AfD confident after exit polls
The populist AfD party in Thuringia is led by Björn Höcke, who often draws attention to himself with firebrand statements. Höcke has notably criticized the Holocaust memorial in Berlin, describing it as a “memorial of shame.”
After the exit polls were announced, Höcke said the voters wanted another change comparable to the fall of the Berlin wall.
“This is a clear sign that a large part of Thuringia says: This can’t go on,” he told public broadcaster ARD.
“We need renewal — this should be taken seriously.”
Höcke added that his party would win an outright majority in the next election cycle.
The AfD boasts strong support in other eastern states, winning 27.5% in Saxony-Anhalt and 23.5% in Brandenburg in September. However, other political parties have so far refused to form coalitions with the populist group on the state and national level.
The AfD’s co-leader Alexander Gauland, who attended the celebrations in Thuringia, told the broadcaster Phoenix that Höcke “is not pulling the party to the right.”
“He is the center of the party,” Gauland said of Höcke.
Losing the Left’s razor-thin majority?
Thuringia is currently the only German state to have a premier with the Left party. The popular Premier Bodo Ramelow rules in coalition with the center-left SPD and the pro-environment Greens.
“I see myself clearly strengthened,” he told ARD. “My party clearly has the mandate to govern, and I will take it up.”
The SPD, however, is projected to slide down to 8.2%, losing some 4% compared to its 2014 result. Although the Greens suffered a smaller loss, and are now hovering around 5%, it appears unlikely that the ruling coalition will be able to maintain its one-seat majority.
Forming Thuringia’s next coalition government is set to be extremely difficult.
In order to reach a majority in in the state’s 90-seat parliament, there are currently three difficult and highly unlikely options on the table. The Left, SPD and Greens could remain in power, but they would have to bring the pro-business Free Democrats (FDP) on board as well.
On Sunday evening, FDP leader Christian Lindner firmly rejected the possibility of entering into a coalition with either the Left party or the AfD, saying that “both parties want to change the economic and societal order in Germany.”
It would also technically be possible for the Left party to reach a majority if it partners up with either the CDU or the AfD, although the CDU ruled out working with the Left party prior to the election and a coalition between the Left and the far-right is even more unlikely.
Merkel’s CDU is forecast to take third with just over 21%, marking an 11% drop from 2014. The result is a heavy blow for the center-right party and a win for the AfD, which had eyed the CDU’s disillusioned supporters.
Projections showed that the AfD pulled the most support from voters who did not participate in Thuringia’s last state election, followed by voters who previously voted for the CDU, according to initial projections.
The CDU’s top candidate, Mike Mohring, lamented the “bitter result” of centrist parties not being able to form a majority.
Senior SPD member Olaf Scholz said he was concerned by the outcome and the AfD’s surge.
“The result is, of course, not pretty,” he told ARD.
The final seat count also depends on whether or not the Greens and the pro-business Free Democratic Party (FDP) makes it over the 5% threshold required to enter the regional assembly. The exit polls place both parties around 5% of the votes.
rs, dj/stb ( dpa, Reuters, AP)