Politics

Germany defends vision of international ‘security zone’ in Syria

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Via Deutsche Welle

Germany has criticized a deal between Russia and Turkey to remove Kurdish fighters from land near the Turkish-Syrian border, after a ceasefire in the area was extended.

Instead, Berlin reasserted the need for an international response — as suggested by German Defense Minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer.

“It is important that international action to resolve this crisis is not limited to Turkey and Russia,” Chancellor Angela Merkel’s spokesman Steffen Seibert told reporters.

“Europe must deal with current events taking place at the border of our continent because these are issues that directly affect several EU member states.”

Kramp-Karrenbauer, touted as a possible heir to Merkel as chancellor, had suggested that international forces be used to create the security zone in northern Iraq, where Turkey is engaged in an operation against Kurdish fighters.

Read more: Kurds in Turkey increasingly subject to violent hate crimes

Kramp-Karrenbauer floated the idea — which was met with mixed responses — in an interview with DW on Monday.  She expanded on the suggestion on Wednesday, saying the zone should be guarded by United Nations troops rather than a loose alignment of nations including Germany, and that this would need a UN mandate.

The Kremlin on Wednesday said it did not see the need for an internationally-administered security zone in northern Syria, after the extension of a ceasefire in the area.

Russians and Syrians move in

Russia is set to work with Syria to ensure that Kurdish YPG forces retreat from parts of northern Syria less than 30 kilometers from the Turkish border. Moscow has warned that, if the Kurds do not pull out, it will withdraw and allow the Turkish military to resume its offensive.

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Russia and Turkey struck a deal on the proposed safe zone on Tuesday, agreeing that Syrian and Russian forces would see Kurdish fighters and their weapons cleared from the zone.

Moscow and Ankara agreed that, six days later, Russian and Turkish forces will patrol a 10-kilometer wide area along the length of the frontier.

The agreement expanded on a US-brokered ceasefire that had been set to expire late on Wednesday.  

The Russian Foreign Ministry said on Wednesday that Turkish troops would not be deployed in the two cities of Manbij and Kobani. Syrian border guards and Russian military police began to arrive in the two cities — which lie to the west of Turkey’s current military operations — on Wednesday.

Read more: Trump on Turkey-Syria conflict: ‘It’s not our border’

Sanctions lifted

US President Donald Trump lifted sanctions against Turkey, imposed in light of Ankara’s ongoing offensive, on Wednesday. Trump declared that the ceasefire was now “permanent.”

US forces began a withdrawal from the border area, where it was conducting joint patrols with the Kurdish fighters who liberated much of the country from “Islamic State” (IS) militants, earlier this month. The withdrawal paved the way for Turkey to launch its offensive against the YPG, which it claims represents a terrorist threat on its southern flank.

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